In the Mediterranean climate, plants have evolved under conditions of low soil-water and nutrient availabilities and have acquired a series of adaptive traits that, in turn exert strong feedback on soil fertility, structure, and protection.
In the coming decades, the Mediterranean region is expected to experience various climate impacts with negative consequences on agricultural systems and which will cause uneven reductions in agricultural production.
A great deal of climate change research focuses on forced migration as a response to sea level rise and the loss of livelihoods. By contrast much less research considers altered patterns of amenity led international retirement migration as a response to climate change.
Water is scarce in Mediterranean countries: cities are crowded with increasing demand; food is produced with large amounts of water; ecosystems demand more water than is often available; drought affects all.
In this study the impacts on durum wheat and grapevine yields, and olive suitable cultivation area were investigated for two time slices under A1B SRES scenario, at first. Then, some adaptation strategies to cope with these impacts were explored.
Mediterranean countries have started implementing adaptation to climate change for a decade. This chapter aims to draw a panorama of this current adaptation effort in contrasted contexts of action – typically developed and developing countries.
We present a review of climate change projections over the Mediterranean region based on the most recent and comprehensive ensembles of global and regional climate change simulations completed as part of international collaborative projects.
For the assessment of Mediterranean temperature under anthropogenically forced climate conditions canonical correlation models are established for the 1948–98 period between highly resolved Mediterranean temperatures and large-scale North-Atlantic–European 1000 hPa-/500 hPa-geopotential height field