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Adaptation in the Tourism and Recreation Sector
The tourism-recreation sector is increasingly recognized as a climate-sensitive economic sector, with both supply- (tourism operators, destination communities) and demand-side stakeholders (tourists) directly affected by climate and its indirect influence on a wide range of environmental resources that are critical to tourism. Knowledge of the affects of climate on tourism and the effectiveness of climate adaptations in this sector remains inadequate and behind that of other economic sectors that have a longer tradition of scholarly development and government involvement. This is problematic considering the continued rapid growth in tourism world-wide and its prominence in many national economies. This chapter provides an overview of the range of climate adaptations utilized in the tourism-recreation sector, comments on the state of knowledge about climate change adaptation in the sector, and discusses some important directions for future inquiry.