Plataforma sobre Adaptación al Cambio Climático en España

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Balearic Islands

Insularity and the peculiar features of the Mediterranean make the Balearic Islands a region that is particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change.

The data observed over the last 30 years show general increases in temperatures and a decrease in total annual precipitation. Furthermore, the regionalisation of climatic forecasts in the Balearic Islands show results that are coherent with those observed and greater increases in temperatures are expected over the coming decades. Precipitation results are not as conclusive, but there are falls in levels that may be considerable.

The fact that it is a limited territory means that room for manoeuvre is also limited. Consequently, in order to respond to the greatest possible number of uncertainties, the Government of the Balearic Islands has drawn up the Balearic Climate Change Strategy 2013-2020. One of the milestones in the strategy is adaptation to climate change and the definition of targets that include a focus on research to increase knowledge about other effects of climate change (extreme meteorological phenomena, invasive species, water resources, etc.) and include adaptation to climate change in regional policy. These objectives are implemented through specific actions that include the preparation of an action plan and sector vulnerability reports, etc.